Sunday, November 27, 2011

Week 9: Learning Styles - Technology Connections

Howard Gardner from Harvard University published his book "Frames of Mind" in 1983. He identified that we all possess seven intelligences. Because our understanding of the brain and human behavior is constantly changing, the number of intelligences is expanding. Two to three new intelligences had been added recently. Gardner claims that we all have all the intelligences, but that no two people are exactly alike. These Multiple Intelligences are:
As teachers, it's crucial for us to understand this information. By understanding a student's strengths and weaknesses in each intelligence, we can help students become more successful. He also notes that integrating multiple intelligences into the classroom involves changing our idea about teaching and learning. It requires addressing individual differences and providing a range of activities and experiences to facilitate learning. (Source: Technology and Multiple Intelligences)

Richard M. Felder and Barbara A. Soloman in their webpage Learning Style and Strategies identify that there are 4 kinds of learning styles. They are:

  1. Active and Reflective Learners
  2. Sensing and Intuitive Learners
  3. Visual and Verbal Learners
  4. Sequential and Global Learners
Each style results in different ways of inquiring knowledge. It means that the way a teacher teaches in the classroom should address this plurality so that all students can get the benefits in learning. What about you? What's your learning style? You can find it out here.


  1. Dear Johanes,

    Your explanation about Multiple Intelligence of Gardener and Learning style is very clear and thoroughly. I agree with you that teacher should understand and integrate students’ multiple intelligence in class.

    In terms of Indonesian teachers’ case, I was a kind of afraid that most of them still did not know this sort of intelligence. On the other hand, maybe some of the teachers have known this multiple intelligence, but they find difficulties to implement since they have to make sure to know all types of his students’ intelligence and suit these nine kinds of intelligence to his learners. For example, if a teacher has a class with have all kinds of multiple intelligence, it means that he has to provide more time to prepare class and find out suitable techniques or tools related to all intelligences. For me, it can be more efficient if the teacher knows the dominant intelligence of his students and facilitates activities. As an illustration, verbal and visual are the dominant one. Teacher could focus on these two as well as save his time to prepare class.



  2. Hello Johanes,

    Totally agree with your post. Through more usage of multiple intelligences in the classroom we can have a different feeling about what teaching is. We need to be clear that students have different learning styles and they learn in different ways.

    Great blog